This project is featured in NESS.docs 2: “Landscape as Urbanism in the Americas.” The issue takes its name from a project led by the Office for Urbanizationation at Harvard GSD. It explores the potentials for landscape as a medium of urban intervention in the specific social, cultural, economic, and ecological contexts of Latin American cities. The issue will be available very soon. Sign-up to our newsletter to be the first to know!
This project from 2011 by FUPAM / LUME, H+F Arquitetos, Metrópole Arquitetos, UNA Arquitetos proposes a new masterplan for the area of Dom Pedro II Park in the city of São Paulo. Understanding the park’s initial aim and the mobility node that is has become, the project re-signifies the area to place it in a contemporary urban context while reincorporating forgotten green spaces.
Situated on the Tamanduateí River floodplain and inaugurated in the 1920s as the main public leisure space in the historic center of São Paulo, Dom Pedro II Park succumbed during the 1960s and 1970s to the disastrous implementation of road infrastructures designed to accommodate the emerging metropolitan flows, including the East-West express diametric connection, an elevated metro station, two busway stations, and the largest urban bus terminal in the country.
Transformed into a large residual and discredited roundabout, today the area faces the challenge of acquiring new meaning, one that regains its historical importance and that dialogues with its contemporary functions.
The masterplan attempts to avoid the nostalgic approach of previous projects that sought to restore the bucolic park that was originally implemented. The project re-signifies landscape through the potential of this great mobility node, integrating it with other functions and scales through the physical reconfiguration of its infrastructures and breaking the dichotomies between form and function, beautification and utilitarianism, metropolitan scale and local scale.
The masterplan is structured through three lines of intervention. First, the plan incorporates and extends an existing project that looks to lower a section of Estado Avenue to enable the replacement of four existing transverse viaducts, expanding and qualifying local permeability and accessibility. Secondly, all systems are reorganized and integrated through a new intermodal station located next to the existing metro station, improving its articulation as well as its accessibility to the historic city center. The new station organizes a large courtyard providing greater comfort for users and a more urban relationship with its immediate surroundings. And third, relating more precisely to water management, a stormwater retention, and treatment pond (wetland) is proposed that, in addition to eliminating frequent flooding, organizes the redesign of public open spaces in the western strip of the park and rethinks water as a hallmark of the site.
In addition to the proposals for the park itself, studies were made for the transformation of two strategic sectors located in its surroundings and from which the renewal process would begin. The proposed interventions were organized in a sequence of implementation phases in order to achieve impacting results in the short, medium, and long terms and thus inducing their continuity in the future and with political and administrative transitions.
LOCATION: São Paulo, Brazil / DATE: 2009 (competition), 2011 (project) / SITE AREA: 1.000.000 m2, 10763910.41 sf / CLIENT: City of São Paulo – Department of Urban Development / STATUS: Project DESIGN TEAM: FUPAM (José Borelli), LUME (Regina Maria Prosperi Meyer, Marta Dora Grostein), H+F Arquitetos, Metrópole Arquitetos (Anna Helena Villela, Eduardo Ferroni, Pablo Hereñú), UNA Arquitetos (Cristiane Muniz, Fábio Valentim, Fernanda Barbara, Fernando Viégas) / COLLABORATORS: Bruno Nicoliello, Cecília Torres, Liz Arakaki, Renan Kadomoto, Thiago Moretti, Tammy Almeida, Carolina Yamate, Carolina Domshcke, Felipe Chodin, Karina Kohutek, Luisa Fecchio, Natália Tanaka, Nike Grotearchs, Ana Paula de Castro, Carolina Klocker, Eduardo Martorelli, Fabiana W. Cyon, Filipe dos Santos Barrocas, Igor Cortinove, Miguel Muralha, Roberto Galvão Júnior, Bruno Gondo, Henrique te Winkel, Luccas Matos Ramos, architects / CONSULTANTS: Hidrostudio, Water Management, VETEC, Traffic Engineering