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Functional Landscape: Parque del Centro de Exposiciones y Convenciones by Bulla

Functional Landscape: Parque del Centro de Exposiciones y Convenciones by Bulla

Parque del Centro de Exposiciones y Convenciones, by Bullan Ph. Fernando Schapochnik

This project is featured in NESS.docs 2: “Landscape as Urbanism in the Americas.” The issue takes its name from a project led by the Office for Urbanizationation at Harvard GSD. It explores the potentials for landscape as a medium of urban intervention in the specific social, cultural, economic, and ecological contexts of Latin American cities. The issue will be available very soon. Sign-up to our newsletter to be the first to know!

This project, finished in 2017 by the studio Bulla in association with Edgardo Minond, who was in charge of the construction of the project, inserts an exhibition and convention center in an urban context surrounded by two parks and the Universidad de Buenos Aires’s Faculty of Law. The strategy was to place the program on a lower level and thus to use its roof as a hilly park that blends into its green context, joining the bordering Thays Park and the United Nations Plaza.  

Ph. Fernando Schapochnik

Building in the city implies taking responsibility for the urban landscape. When projecting a building, we cannot remain oblivious to the public space that delimits the urban fabric formed by built areas, emptiness, and green masses. The building is considered an inseparable part of the landscape, part of a single idea to achieve a comprehensive solution. The decision to arrange the volume at a low level, to allow the plaza to pass over it and connect two previously separated parks, is a consequence of this idea.  

As cities grow only inbuilt mass, it is very difficult to find urban void projects for public space. When we find them we must not only conserve them but also value these types of projects and use possibilities by creating a new urban landscape fully connected to the city. 

The main operations that led the project were to relocate the transfer station and the neighboring Faculty of Law parking lot to create the lower-level building and the connected green space on its roof. The landscape proposal for the new park transcends the established limits, forming a great new urban space for the city. This new park is built from the convergence of the particular identities of each of the already established programs, integrated through vegetation and a system of continuous and binding trails. It is made up of two parts: the access plaza, on level zero; and a second plaza consisting of a new topographic vegetation cover. Four binding trails in a system of hills shape the roof as a spontaneous meadow. 

Much of the roof surface is covered with a prairie of native spontaneous species, making it a patch of urban ecology. The proposed species carry out an energy exchange with the environment and are adapted to local environmental conditions. The native fauna uses this vegetation for nesting and as a food source, which is why, by implementing native plant species, the park contributes to increasing biodiversity. These types of species require very low maintenance and do not need irrigation; they are a sustainable cover. The new park provides a place for local nature, an opportunity to regenerate and rescue what is ours, recovering our lost cultural and natural identity. 

LOCATION: Ciudad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina / DATE: 2014-2017 / SITE AREA: 18000 m2 / LANDSCAPE PROJECT: Bulla (Ana García Ricci, Ignacio Fleurquin, Lucía Ardissone, Alejandra Yamasato, Pablo Rubio) / LANDSCAPE CONSULTANT: Gabriel Burgueño, Dr. / ARQUITECTURE PROJECT: Edgardo Minond, architect / ARCHITECTURE TEAM: Mariano Albornoz, Margarita María Descole, Laura di Chello, Roberto Alejandro Morita, architects, Maximiliano Manuel Rodríguez, Lucía Galeano, Juan Manuel Galleano, Daniel Nazareno de Souza, Manuel Luis Mosquera, Angela Pérez Loret / TEXT: Bulla, edited by NESS / PHOTOS: Fernando Schapochnik

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